Everything You need to know about Cardiac Surgery
by mtmcglobaldoctors | 2018-11-02 16:18:00|

Cardiac surgery will be done in various methods which may involve minor incision to Open Heart transplant. Having a good knowledge of your heart condition is one of the most important things. More than that, a good knowledge on what to expect from the procedure, lowering risks of the surgery and aftercare of surgery.


What are the different types of Cardiac Surgery?


Heart surgery is performed to correct several types of heart problems. There are different types of corrective heart surgeries.

Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting

Laser revascularisation

Heart Angioplasty and Stent Replacement

Valve repair or replacement


Open Heart Surgery

Heart Transplant

These are the few common types of cardiac surgeries. Most surgeries have one thing in common is that it is done under anaesthesia. The type of anaesthesia differs from the type of surgery performed. General Anaesthesia is given in case of open heart surgery.


What is Bypass Surgery?


Bypass heart surgery is done to bypass one or more damaged or blocked arteries in the heart with a blood vessel graft in order to restore normal blood flow in the heart. This is the most common type of heart surgery performed.


When it is done?


Bypass surgery is done once there is/are blocks in the coronary artery. The coronary artery is the main valve which supplies oxygen-rich blood to the heart. When there are fat deposits in this valve, then this blocks the normal flow of the blood across the artery. This is detected by angiogram, a test to detect blockage. Depending on the type of blockage, the surgeon decides on the type of surgery whether it is Angioplasty or Bypass Surgery.


What is Open Heart surgery?

Open heart surgery is a procedure where the chest needs to be opened to correct problems with the heart.


When it is done?


Open heart surgery is performed to :

repair or replace heart valves

repair damaged areas in the heart (cardiomyoplasty)

implant medical devices that help to regulate heartbeat (Catheter)

Heart replacement with a suitable donor’s heart

Getting Ready for the surgery


It is important to choose the surgeon and the hospital wisely. This makes a lot of difference in the psychological comfort you get before and after the surgery. The right surgeon will take the time to analyse the risks involved and the precautions to be taken.


Prior to surgery, a detailed physical examination has to be done to analyse the vitals including Blood pressure, Diabetics level, Liver, kidney functioning, etc. These are important for an uncomplicated, smooth surgery.


The next question you need to ask about is regarding anaesthesia. It is important to tell your reveal all your medical conditions and other health issues if any. There are certain risks which can be avoided with an open conversation with the anaesthetist.


It is best practice to speak to the doctor about your disease, best time to do the procedure, your allergies, family history of any diseases, any other questions you have about surgery. Few weeks before, your doctor may advise to stop smoking or drinking and also may advise stopping few blood thinning medications like aspirin.


More than all these factors, it is very critical to keep yourself calm and composed before the surgery after understanding wisely the goodness of the surgery. This will help a smooth surgery and post-op recovery.


Post-Op Recovery and well being

Post-op care and recovery are the most important for any patient after surgery. This is a very critical part for the complete success of the surgery.


The first phase of heart surgery recovery may range from 6 to 8 weeks in the hospital. Post the discharge from the hospital, there will be certain instructions from the medical specialist for a speedy recovery. This include wound care, gentle exercise, activity and following a diet. Apart from this, the most important recovery tip is emotional well-being and a good amount of rest and sound sleep. This helps in psychological recovering of the patient. For this particular aspect, the support and care of the family members are very important.

When you are done with an open heart surgery, then care to need to be given on the signs of rejection of the new heart, infection, complications from medicines. Call your doctor who is your first call of help and saviour whenever you find any abnormality in yourself.


Regular intake of the medications prescribed by the doctors and regular check-ups as advised are very important for a speedy recovery. Spend a lot of time on things which gives you relaxation. This helps your heart, body and mind really easily which in turn helps in your speedy recovery.


Having said everything you need to know about cardiac surgeries, it is most important to be emotionally strong as cardiac surgeries have become most common considering today’s lifestyle. So there is nothing to panic upon a cardiac surgery. It is like any other surgeries. Take it up with ease considering the lifelong well being post the surgery.



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